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John Maynard Keynes, Baron Keynes

1 of 26 portraits of John Maynard Keynes, Baron Keynes

John Maynard Keynes, Baron Keynes, by Gwendolen ('Gwen') Raverat (née Darwin), circa 1908 - NPG 4553 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

John Maynard Keynes, Baron Keynes

by Gwendolen ('Gwen') Raverat (née Darwin)
pen and ink and watercolour, circa 1908
11 in. x 14 1/2 in. (279 mm x 368 mm)
Given by the sitter's sister, Margaret Neville Hill (née Keynes), 1967
Primary Collection
NPG 4553

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The most influential figure in twentieth-century economic theory and practice, John Maynard Keynes was the editor of the Economic Journal (1912-45) and the author of The Economic Consequences of the Peace, A Treatise on Money (1930) and the General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money. Closely connected with the Bloomsbury group, he married the Russian ballerina, Lydia Lopokova, in 1925. This informal drawing of him reading is thought to show him when he was in his mid-twenties before he had the appendicitis which caused him to gain weight. It is by Gwen Raverat, a childhood friend of the artist, whose sister Margaret married Keynes's brother Geoffrey. Given by the sitter's sister, Mrs Margaret Hill, 1967.

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Events of 1908back to top

Current affairs

Henry Asquith replaces Henry Campbell-Bannerman as Liberal leader and Prime Minister, with David Lloyd George taking control of the Exchequer. Asquith and Lloyd George embark on a bold programme of social reform, laying the foundations of the Welfare State, introducing government pensions this year and later a system of National Insurance. The first aeroplane for the British army is built by the American, Samuel Cody.

Art and science

E.M. Forster's novel A Room with a View is published, following the experiences of a young woman, Lucy Honeydrew, in the repressed culture of Edwardian England. The French art critic Louis Vauxcelles first uses the term 'cubism' to refer to a landscape painting by Georges Braque.


King Carlos of Portugal and his heir, Prince Luis Filipe, are killed by assassins from the Republican trying to provoke a revolution. Carlos I, unpopular because of his extravagant lifestyle and extramarital affairs, was succeeded by his younger son, Manuel, the last monarch of the Braganza dynasty. Following the death of the Guangxu Emperor in China, his two year old nephew replaces him, becoming the the last Manchu emperor of China.

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