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John Maitland, Duke of Lauderdale

2 of 16 portraits on display in Room 7 at the National Portrait Gallery

John Maitland, Duke of Lauderdale, by Samuel Cooper, 1664 - NPG 4198 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

John Maitland, Duke of Lauderdale

by Samuel Cooper
watercolour on vellum, 1664
3 3/8 in. x 2 3/4 in. (86 mm x 70 mm) oval
Purchased with help from The Art Fund, the Pilgrim Trust, H.M. Government and an anonymous donor, 1961
Primary Collection
NPG 4198


Click on the links below to find out more:

Sitterback to top

Artistback to top

  • Samuel Cooper (1609-1672), Miniature painter. Artist associated with 107 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.

This portraitback to top

A notoriously harsh Secretary of State for Scotland, and from 1670 the Duke of Lauderdale, Maitland was an uncompromising exponent of Stuart absolutism. He was described by the politician and historian Lord Clarendon as 'Insolent, imperious, flattering and dissembling, and having no impediment of honour to restrain him from doing anything that might satisfy any of his passions'. One of these passions was the arts, and he was responsible for the magnificent Ham House near Richmond in Surrey. In this portrait Cooper has given the sitter an expression which suggests both imperiousness and intelligence. The miniature illustrates the artist's distinctive practice of lighting his sitters from above.

Linked publicationsback to top

  • Foskett, Daphne, Samuel Cooper, 1974 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 15 March - 15 June 1974), p. 45
  • Rogers, Malcolm, Master Drawings from the National Portrait Gallery, 1993 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 5 August to 23 October 1994), p. 25
  • Saumarez Smith, Charles, The National Portrait Gallery: An Illustrated Guide, 2000, p. 67
  • Saumarez Smith, Charles, The National Portrait Gallery, 1997, p. 67
  • Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 366
  • Walker, Richard, Miniatures: 300 Years of the English Miniature, 1998, p. 35