Sir Henry Montgomery Lawrence

1 portrait on display in the Library at Bodelwyddan Castle

Sir Henry Montgomery Lawrence, by Unknown artist, circa 1847 - NPG 727 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Sir Henry Montgomery Lawrence

by Unknown artist
watercolour on ivory, circa 1847
4 1/2 in. x 3 3/8 in. (114 mm x 87 mm)
Given by Charles Stewart Hardinge, 2nd Viscount of Hardinge of Lahore, 1884
Primary Collection
NPG 727


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Current affairs

The 10 Hours Factory Act passed, regulating working hours for women and children under the age of eighteen to effectively a maximum of ten hours a day. The Communist League is founded in London, attended by Friedrich Engels. The League draws up a set of rules and aims, including overthrowing the bourgeoisie and empowering the Proleteriat, and ending class division, forming the basis of Karl Marx's The Communist Manifesto (1848).

Art and science

A good year for novels: Emily Bronte's passionate, rebellious and gothic Wuthering Heightsis published, followed shortly by her sister Charlotte's 'Jane Eyre, a story of a governess's struggle for liberty from social and gender constrictions. Drawing on a similar vein of revolution and rebellious women, William Thackeray's satirical novel Vanity Fair is serialised.

International

The Don Pacifico affair sparks an international incident, when the Jewish trader's business was burned in an anti-semitic attack in Athens. When the Greek government refused to compensate him, Gibraltar-born Pacifico appealed to the British government. Foreign Minister Palmerston sent a squadron into the Aegean in 1850 to seize goods of the equivalent value, leading to strained relations with Turkey and Russia, and heated debates in Parliament.

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