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Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne; Henry Clinton, 7th Earl of Lincoln

1 of 3 portraits of Henry Clinton, 7th Earl of Lincoln

Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne; Henry Clinton, 7th Earl of Lincoln, by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt, circa 1721 - NPG 3215 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne; Henry Clinton, 7th Earl of Lincoln

by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
oil on canvas, circa 1721
50 in. x 58 3/4 in. (1270 mm x 1492 mm)
Given by the Art Fund, 1945
Primary Collection
NPG 3215


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  • Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1678 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.

This portraitback to top

Newcastle played a prominent part in politics for nearly fifty years, acting as a Secretary of State for thirty years from 1724. He was a superb party manager and an adroit wielder of patronage. Lincoln, who was noted for his integrity, was given a seat in the Privy Council and became Paymaster-General in 1715. Both men were members of the legendary Kit-cat club and the glasses that they hold in this portrait are thought to be those specially made for the club's meetings. The landscape view represents the Belvedere Tower, a folly designed by Vanbrugh at Newcastle's seat, Claremont, near Esher. More detailed information on this portrait is available in a National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue, John Kerslake's Early Georgian Portraits (1977, out of print).

Related worksback to top

  • NPG D9029: Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne; Henry Clinton, 7th Earl of Lincoln (after)
  • NPG D33099: Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne; Henry Clinton, 7th Earl of Lincoln (source portrait)

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Events of 1721back to top

Current affairs

Robert Walpole becomes the first British Prime Minister and holds the post for an unrivalled tenure of twenty-one years. Former Chancellor of the Exchequer John Aislabie is imprisoned in the Tower of London and found guilty of corruption for his part in the collapse of the South Sea Company.

Art and science

Artist William Hogarth produces his first satirical engraving The South Sea Scheme in response to the South Sea Bubble of the previous year. Writer and diplomat's wife, Lady Mary Wortley Montagu introduces the smallpox inoculation to Britain. The Princess of Wales is persuaded to test the treatment and the procedure becomes fashionable.

International

Johann Sebastian Bach writes the six Brandenburg Concertos for his employer at the court of Köthen. Montesquieu completes his best-selling Lettres Persanes (Persian Letters); a critical view of contemporary western politics, religion and society. Treaty of Nystad in which Sweden cedes Estonia to Russia with most of Latvia. Russia becomes the dominant regional power and Peter the Great has himself proclaimed 'Emperor of all Russia'.

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