© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Sylvester Brounower Click on the links below to find out more
plumbago and watercolour, circa 1693
4 3/8 in. x 3 3/8 in. (111 mm x 86 mm) oval
- John Locke (1632-1704), Philosopher. Sitter in 36 portraits.
William III shift to the Whigs is made apparent by his appointment of John Somers and John Trenchard to senior government posts; his initial preference for mixed ministries waned principally due to Whig support of his foreign policies.
Art and science
Dramatist, William Congreve, stages his first two plays; The Old Bachelor
is enthusiastically received, conversely his subsequent play, The Double Dealer
, is not met with the same approval. In response, Congreve angrily attacks his critics in the dedication of its first publication.
Battle of Landen. French army heavily defeats English and Dutch forces under William III. William's retreat from the French cavalry is made possible by the defence of the bridge at Neerhespen, by Huguenot leader, Henri de Massue de Ruvigny. French defeat the British and Dutch merchant fleet, the Smyrna convoy.