© National Portrait Gallery, London
Catharine Macaulay (née Sawbridge)
by Robert Edge Pine Click on the links below to find out more
oil on canvas, feigned oval, circa 1774
29 1/4 in. x 24 1/2 in. (743 mm x 622 mm)
This portrait shows Macaulay dressed as a Roman matron, reflecting her belief that the ancient Roman republic was the example to which England should aspire.
- NPG 5856: Catharine Macaulay (née Sawbridge) (source portrait)
Philanthropist and reformer John Howard is called before the House of Commons Select Committee to give evidence on the shocking conditions in prisons across the country.Young Tahitian Omai arrives in England after making contact with Captain James Cook on his second voyage. He is introduced into London Society by Joseph Banks and is much admired. Coercive or 'Intolerable' Acts are passed in response to the crisis in the American colonies.
Art and science
Philosopher and chemist Joseph Priestley isolates oxygen in the form of a gas.Artist Thomas Gainsborough moves from Bath to set up a studio in London. Royal Crescent, Bath, designed by John Wood the Younger, is completed. Methodist preacher John Wesley publishes his pamphlet Thoughts Upon Slavery
which argues against the slave trade.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe publishes his romantic novel, The Sorrows of Young Werthe
r, bringing him an immediate European reputation.In retaliation for the Boston Tea Party, the port of Boston is closed under the first of the British government's Coercive Acts. Delegates from twelve American colonies meet in Philadelphia and agree not to import any goods from Britain.Death of Louis XV of France. Louis XVI succeeds.