© National Portrait Gallery, London
by John Downman Click on the links below to find out more
11 7/8 in. x 9 3/8 in. (302 mm x 238 mm)
- Richmal Mangnall (1769-1820), Schoolmistress, educationalist and writer. Sitter in 2 portraits.
- John Downman (1750-1824). Artist associated with 34 portraits.
Caps such as this 'mob' were generally worn indoors and were of fine lawn or cotton tied under the chin. Here, the educationalist Richmal Mangnall pairs it with a high necked ruffed dress in the style fashionable from 1810 to 1815. Its pale simplicity is the perfect foil for the necklace of popular red cornelian which she wears around her neck. Between 1810 and 1820, women tended to wear less jewellery than before, with one bold piece often sufficing. Her hair is worn parted and cut in short curls around the face.
Princess Caroline leaves England for a lengthy series of travels in Europe and the Middle East. Scandalous gossip promptly surrounds her relationship with her Italian valet, Count Bartholomew Bergami.George, Prince Regent, hosts a visit of the victorious allies to England with spectacular celebrations and fireworks at Carlton House.
Art and science
John Soane completes the construction of Dulwich Picture Gallery.First steam printing machine in the world is used to publish The Times
.New Royal Mint opens at Tower Hill with improved precision machinery.Grand Western Canal completed from Loudwell to Tiverton.
Paris falls under allied attack; Napoleon sent into exile on Elba.Force of British veterans lands at Chesapeake Bay, defeats Americans at Bladensburg and burns parts of Washington DC.Peace treaty signed with Americans in Ghent. General Pakenham is killed leading attack on New Orleans before news of the peace reaches America.