Queen Mary I

1 portrait of Queen Mary I

Queen Mary I, by Hans Eworth, 1554 - NPG 4861 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Queen Mary I

by Hans Eworth
oil on panel, 1554
8 1/2 in. x 6 5/8 in. (216 mm x 169 mm)
Purchased with help from the Art Fund, the Pilgrim Trust, H.M. Government, Miss Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton, 1972
Primary Collection
NPG 4861

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Sitterback to top

  • Queen Mary I (1516-1558), Reigned 1553-58; daughter of Henry VIII and Katherine of Aragon. Sitter associated with 49 portraits.

Artistback to top

  • Hans Eworth (active 1540-died 1574). Artist associated with 25 portraits.

This portraitback to top

This portrait was based on a sitting from the life in 1554. When he first met Mary, Philip II of Spain is said to have cursed those who had painted her for having exaggerated her attractions. Recent technical analysis has revealed a small inscription, HE, painted onto the top left corner of the portrait.

Linked publicationsback to top

Linked displays and exhibitionsback to top

Events of 1554back to top

Current affairs

Sir Thomas Wyatt the Younger leads a rebellion against the Catholic Queen Mary. 4,000 men march from Kent to London, where the rebellion is crushed and Wyatt executed. Princess Elizabeth is imprisoned in the Tower of London, but found innocent of treason. Lady Jane Grey is executed. Queen Mary I marries Philip of Spain at Winchester. Parliament passes the Second Act of Repeal reuniting the English and Roman Catholic Churches.

Art and science

Gerlach Flicke paints the earliest surviving self-portrait in oils produced in England. The Italian architect Andrea Palladio published L'Antichita di Roma (The Antiquities of Rome), which remains the standard text on the subject for 300 years.


Battle of Marciano - Sienese-French forces defeated by a Florentine-Imperial army. The defeat leads to the end of Siena's independence from Florence. The Portuguese Jesuit Manoel de Nobrega founds São Paulo, the first European settlement in inland Brazil.

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