Queen Mary II
Queen Mary II
by Jan Verkolje
oil on canvas, 1685
15 5/8 in. x 12 3/4 in. (397 mm x 324 mm)
Click on the links below to find out more:
Sitterback to top
- Queen Mary II (1662-1694), Reigned with William III 1689-94. Sitter associated with 94 portraits.
Artistback to top
- Jan Verkolje (1650-1693), Painter, draughtsman and mezzotint printmaker. Artist associated with 13 portraits.
This portraitback to top
The elder daughter of James II by Anne Hyde, Mary married William of Orange in 1677. In the heartbreaking dilemma presented by the revolution of 1688, Mary chose to support her husband and Protestantism rather than her Catholic father. She is said to have come to Whitehall 'laughing and jolly' and she proved a wise and tactful queen. In this elegant portrait, an exquisite small-scale version of a portrait painted in Holland in 1685, she is shown in robes of state with the crown and sceptre by her side. She is holds white flowers in her left hand and there is a view of classicizing architecture, including a running fountain, in the distance.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Bennett, Sue, Five Centuries of Women and Gardens, 2000 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 5 October 2000 to 21 January 2001), p. 39
- Ingamells, John, Later Stuart Portraits 1685-1714, 2009, p. 172
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 416
- Williamson, David, The National Portrait Gallery: History of the Kings and Queens of England, 1998, p. 125
- Williamson, David, Kings and Queens, 2010, p. 122
Subjects & Themesback to top
Events of 1685back to top
Current affairsCharles II dies, his heir, Catholic brother, James II, succeeds to the throne. Despite deep distrust by many Protestants, he initially experiences unexpected popularity. James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, leads the Monmouth Rebellion ambitious to seize the throne. Following his defeat at Sedgemoor, Monmouth is executed at Tower Hill.
Art and scienceOpera Universa, by physician Thomas Sydenham, considered the father of English medicine, is published in London. Organist, Henry Purcell composes, My heart is inditing, for the coronation of James II and his queen, Mary of Modena. Writer on dentistry, Charles Allen publishes the earliest known English book on dentistry.
InternationalThe Edict of Fontainebleau is issued by Louis XIV revoking the Edict of Nantes which gave Huguenots a right to practice their religion, free from persecution. Although Huguenots had steadily left France since the Dragonnades in 1681, this edict essentially ended official religious toleration in France.
See this portrait
On display in Room 8 at the National Portrait Gallery