Mary, Princess of Orange

1 portrait

Mary, Princess of Orange, by Cornelius Johnson (Jonson or Jonson van Ceulen), 1639 - NPG 5105 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Mary, Princess of Orange

by Cornelius Johnson (Jonson or Jonson van Ceulen)
oil on panel, 1639
11 3/8 in. x 7 7/8 in. (289 mm x 200 mm)
Purchased, 1976
Primary Collection
NPG 5105


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  • Mary, Princess of Orange (1631-1660), Daughter of Charles I; wife of William II of Orange-Nassau. Sitter associated with 49 portraits.

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The eldest daughter of Charles I and Henrietta Maria, Mary was distinguished as a young girl for her intelligence and beauty. She married William II of Orange when she was nine and he fifteen and went to the Netherlands three years later in 1644. When her husband became Stadholder in 1647 she shared in his public duties. After William's sudden death the Republicans gained control and for the rest of her life Mary struggled for the rights of her son William (later William III of England), born just a few days after his father's death, and those of her brother Charles (later Charles II). This charming portrait shows her before a view of a knot garden in which women and children are walking with a vista of a landscape beyond.

Purchased, 1975.

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