© National Portrait Gallery, London
Unknown woman, formerly known as Jane Myddelton (née Needham)
by Gilbert Soest Click on the links below to find out more
oil on canvas, circa 1670
47 3/4 in. x 39 1/4 in. (1213 mm x 997 mm)
- Gilbert Soest (circa 1605-1681), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 51 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Macleod, Catharine; Alexander, Julia Marciari, Painted Ladies: Women at the Court of Charles II, 2001 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 11 October 2001 to 6 January 2002), p. 210
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 691
Charles II mistress, Barbara Villiers, is created Duchess of Cleveland and granted Nonsuch Palace including its sizeable grounds. Actress and royal mistress, Nell Gwyn, gives birth to Charles II's son, Charles, who would later become, Duke of St. Albans.
Art and science
Tragicomedy, The Forc'd Marriage
, by Aphra Behn, staged by the Duke's Company, starts Behn's career as a professional writer. The writer may have been a royalist spy towards the end of the interregnum. Poet laureate, John Dryden, is made historiographer royal, a post he would hold for nearly 20 years.
Terms of a secret treaty between Charles II and Louis XIV are brought by Henrietta, Duchess of Orleans during a visit to Dover; upon England supplying the majority of military power for a war against Holland and Charles's official conversion to Catholicism, France would assist financially.