© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir Isaac Newton
by Edward Hodges Baily, after Louis François Roubiliac Click on the links below to find out more
marble bust, 1828, based on a work of 1751
28 in. (711 mm) high
Transferred from Tate Gallery: London: UK, 1957
- Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727), Mathematical scientist. Sitter associated with 46 portraits.
- Edward Hodges Baily (1788-1867), Sculptor, designer and modeller of silver. Artist associated with 16 portraits, Sitter in 6 portraits.
- Louis François Roubiliac (1702-1762), Sculptor. Artist associated with 13 portraits, Sitter in 5 portraits.
This commemorative bust is a copy of an eighteenth-century sculpture. It was commissioned, along with a similar bust of the writer Samuel Johnson, by the collector Robert Vernon, who left them to the nation in 1845.
Frederick, Prince of Wales dies and is succeeded by his son, later George III, as Prince of Wales.Third Gin Act requires government inspection of distilleries and restricts sales to licensed premises in an effort to curtail consumption.
Art and science
Thomas Gray publishes his poem Elegy written in a Country Church Yard
.Philosopher David Hume publishes An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals
.Eliza Haywood publishes her novel The History of Miss Betsy Thoughtless
. William Hogarth publishes his satirical engravings Beer-Street
, Gin Lane
and The Four Stages of Cruelty
Robert Clive reopens hostilities with the French in India. He prevails after holding out during the siege of Arcot.First part of the Encyclopédie
- an innovative 28 volume encyclopedia which represented the dominant strains of Enlightenment thinking - is published in France, edited by Diderot. Swedish chemist Alex Cronstedt identifies nickel as an impurity in copper ore as a separate metallic element.