© National Portrait Gallery, London
Robert Malise Bowyer Nichols
by Augustus Edwin John Click on the links below to find out more
12 in. x 9 1/2 in. (305 mm x 241 mm)
Bequeathed by Robert Malise Bowyer Nichols, 1952
- Augustus Edwin John (1878-1961), Painter. Artist associated with 33 portraits, Sitter in 102 portraits.
- Clerk, Honor, The Sitwells, 1994 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 14 October - 22 January 1995), p. 69
- Crane, David; Judd, Alan, First World War Poets, 2014, p. 87
- Judd, Alan; Crane, David, Character Sketches: First World War Poets, 1997, p. 50
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 459
Marie Stopes, campaigner for women's rights and pioneer of family planning, opens her first clinic in London, offering a free service to married women. While Stopes's forthright and open-minded attitudes have helped to change opinion about family planning and sex, her opinions on eugenics have been criticised and are now out-of-step with current thinking.
Art and science
British-born star of Hollywood Charlie Chaplin visits London where he is greeted by thousands. In 1921 Chaplain made his film, The Kid
, which told the story of a tramp who finds an abandoned baby in an alley and decides to look after him. The portrayal of poverty in the film drew on Chaplain's own experiences of growing up in a working class family in London.
The Anglo-Irish Treaty partitions Ireland into the Irish Free State (later the Republic of Ireland) and Northern Ireland. The Irish Free State was granted independence, while six of the Northern counties of Ulster decided to remain part of Britain. The treaty came into effect in 1922.