© National Portrait Gallery, London
by T. Bart Click on the links below to find out more
oil on canvas, 1834
30 in. x 26 in. (762 mm x 660 mm)
- T. Bart (active 1816-1834). Artist of 1 portrait.
Charles Nicholson, one of the most famous flautists of his time, is seen in this portrait holding 'Nicholson's Improved Flute'. Seeking to make the instrument more powerful and expressive, the musician designed this instrument with enlarged tone-holes. It was also designed for swift assembly. Nicholson was a Professor of the Flute at the Royal Academy of Music (1822) and preserved at the Academy is one of his flutes engraved with the words: 'This was Nicholson's flute / From his playing hence mute / And the Embouchure through / Which Charlie last blew'. The design of Nicholson's flute inspired Boehm whose flutes eventually superseded Nicholson's in popularity.
Sir Robert Peel, Tory, replaces Whig Lord Melbourne as Prime Minister, promising measured reform in a shift from reactionary 'Tory' to more measured 'Conservative' politics (he had voted for the 1832 Reform Act).Trial of Tolpuddle Martyrs
, six labourers transported to Australia after trying to raise funds for workers in need by forming a Friendly Society.
Art and science
Charles Babbage's invents the Analytic Machine. Considered to be the forerunner to the modern computer, the machine was able to make automatic mathematical calculations. Edward Bulwer-Lytton publishes his hugely popular, but now largely neglected, novel Last Days of Pompeii
, set in the Italian city at the time of Mount Vesuvius' eruption in 79AD.
Dom Miguel I, King of Portugal, is defeated by his brother Pedro IV, in the Portuguese civil war. Slavery is abolished in the British dominions, although slaves still working are indentured to their former owners in an 'apprenticeship' system; the philanthropist Joseph Sturge was a prominent critic of the policy, which was abolished in 1838. Whilst slave owners received compensation, slaves received nothing.