© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Sir William Orpen Click on the links below to find out more
pencil, circa 1898
7 1/2 in. x 5 3/4 in. (191 mm x 146 mm)
- Sir William Orpen (1878-1931), Painter, Royal Acadamian. Sitter in 28 portraits, Artist associated with 29 portraits.
- Sir William Orpen (1878-1931), Painter, Royal Acadamian. Artist associated with 29 portraits, Sitter in 28 portraits.
This self-portrait was made when Orpen was a student at the Slade School of Fine Art.
The UK Parliament passes the Irish Local Government Act, which establishes a mixed system of local government in Ireland similar to that in Great Britain, notably creating new, directly elected county councils, and extending the electoral franchise to include all male householders and occupiers. Charles Pelham Villiers, Britain's longest-serving Member of Parliament, dies. Villiers entered Parliament in 1835 as Liberal MP for Wolverhampton.
Art and science
The French physicists Pierre and Marie Curie discover the strongly radioactive elements polonium and radium, paving the way for cancer therapy and nuclear physics. H.G. Wells's highly influential science fiction novellaThe War of the World
is published, describing an invasion of England by aliens from Mars.
The Spanish-American war takes place after Spain fails to meet America's demands to peacefully resolve the Cuban fight for independence. America secures victory after a series of quick naval and military victories in the Philippines and Cuba. Later this year, the Treaty of Paris gives the US ownership of the former Spanish colonies of Puerto Rico, the Philippines and Guam, the US also taking control of Cuba, ending the uprising and granting independence.