© National Portrait Gallery, London
copy by Auguste Millière, after an engraving by William Sharp, after George Romney Click on the links below to find out more
oil on canvas, circa 1876, based on a work of 1792
16 in. x 12 in. (406 mm x 305 mm)
Given by Henry Willett, 1892
- Thomas Paine (1737-1809), Author of 'The Rights of Man'. Sitter in 12 portraits.
- Auguste Millière (active 1876-1896). Artist associated with 1 portrait.
- George Romney (1734-1802), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 160 portraits, Sitter in 5 portraits.
- William Sharp (1749-1824), Engraver. Artist associated with 73 portraits, Sitter in 2 portraits.
The famous seven year trial of Warren Hastings, Governor-General of Bengal, on charges of embezzlement and murder, ends with his acquittal. Pro-Revolutionary philosopher Joseph Priestley's house is destroyed by a mob on the anniversary of the fall of the Bastille. Their actions are later seen as a key moment in the defeat of Enlightenment ideals in England.
Art and science
Mary Wollstonecraft publishes A Vindication of the Rights of Woman
; a radical work which called on women to be allies to one another; fearless in their support and free in their criticism.Sir Joshua Reynolds dies and is succeeded by Benjamin West as President of the Royal Academy.
The mob invades the Tuileries and the French Royal Family is imprisoned marking the end of France's experiment with constitutional monarchy and the declaration of the first French Republic.The Revolutionary Commune is established in Paris.France declares war on Austria and then Prussia.