© National Portrait Gallery, London
Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston
by Francis Cruikshank Click on the links below to find out more
oil on canvas, circa 1855-1859
19 3/8 in. x 15 5/8 in. (494 mm x 397 mm)
- Hulme, Graham; Buchanan, Brian; Powell, Kenneth, The National Portrait Gallery: An Architectural History, 2000, p. 19
- Jeal, Tim; Calder, Angus; Driver, Felix; Cannizzo, Jeanne; Barringer, Tim; MacKenzie, John M., Livingstone: David Livingstone and the Victorian Encounter in Africa, 1996 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 22 March - 7 July 1996), p. 127
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 478
Palmerston becomes Prime Minister, leading a coalition government after Lord Aberdeen loses a vote of confidence over his handling of the Crimean war. Known by the nickname 'Lord Pumicestone' for his abrasive style, Palmerston is the oldest prime minister in history to take up the post for the first time at the age of 71.Stamp duty on newspapers is abolished, creating the mass media market in the UK as newspapers became more widely and cheaply available.
Art and science
Following a trip through the Holy Land to the Dead Sea, William Holman Hunt begins his symbolically-laden painting The Scapegoat
. John Millais marries Effie Gray, previously John Ruskin's wife, after their marriage was annulled that year. The social theorist and sociologist Herbert Spencer and philosopher G. H. Lewes, publishes Principles of Pyschology
, exploring a physiological basis to psychology.
The Fall of Sebastopol in the Crimean war, as Russia retreats, and the exhaustion of the Turkish alliance means the war nears its end. Despite being rebuffed by Florence Nightingale's team of nurses, Jamaican-born nurse Mary Seacole travels to the Crimea, opening a 'British Hotel' for sick and injured soldiers. She gains significant attention and praise for her nursing work.