© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt Click on the links below to find out more
oil on canvas, feigned oval, 1698
29 1/2 in. x 24 3/4 in. (749 mm x 629 mm) overall
- Thomas Papillon (1623-1702), Merchant and politician. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1678 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
This informal portrait shows Papillon in a casual silk gown and without a wig, focussing on his character rather than his public achievements. His relaxed pose, the head turned to the viewer and one hand raised to the chest, was made popular by Kneller.
The king's residence, Whitehall Palace, is destroyed by fire. The Banqueting House survives. Issues surrounding the prerogative of the king and size of a standing army during peacetime serve as the principal subjects for debate during the general election. The Whig Junto majority is reduced by resurgent Tory opposition.
Art and science
Anti-theatrical polemicist, Jeremy Collier writes, A Short View
, attacking the immorality of the theatre. John Bunyan's The Heavenly Foot-Man
, a sermon on Christian life, is published posthumously.
Instructed by William III, Arnold Joost van Keppel, earl of Albemarle, negotiates with Louis XIV over issues surrounding the Spanish succession. Proposals in the first partition treaty are agreed by both sides. Peter I of Russia visits England eager to strengthen diplomatic ties with other European countries.