by John Hayls
oil on canvas, 1666
29 3/4 in. x 24 3/4 in. (756 mm x 629 mm)
Click on the links below to find out more:
This portraitback to top
In his diary, Pepys records on 17 March 1666: 'I sit to have it full of shadows and so almost break my neck looking over my shoulders to make the posture for him to work by'. There were more sittings on 20, 23, 28 and 30 March, when he sat 'till almost quite darke upon working my gowne which I hired to be drawne in; an Indian gowne'. Pepys paid Hayls £14 for the picture and 25s for the frame on 16 May, commenting that he was 'well satisfied' with it. The music he holds is his own setting of a lyric by Sir William Davenant, 'Beauty, retire'.
Related worksback to top
- NPG D18073: Diploma of membership of the Samuel Pepys Club for Sir Edmund Gosse (source portrait)
Linked publicationsback to top
- National Portrait Gallery: 100 Portraits, p. 33
- Audio Guide
- Cooper, John, A Guide to the National Portrait Gallery, 2009, p. 23
- Cooper, John, Visitor's Guide, 2000, p. 39
- Dodd, Christopher, Unto the tideway born, 2015, p. 69
- Foskett, Daphne, Samuel Cooper, 1974 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 15 March - 15 June 1974), p. 124
- Ingamells, John, Later Stuart Portraits 1685-1714, 2009, p. 211
- John Cooper, National Portrait Gallery Visitor's Guide, 2006, p. 39
- Ollard, Richard, Character Sketches: Samuel Pepys and His Circle, 2000, p. 4
- Ollard, Richard, Pepys and his Contemporaries, 2015, p. 5
- Perry, Gill (introduction) Roach, Joseph (appreciation) and West, Shearer (appreciation), The First Actresses: Nell Gwyn to Sarah Siddons, 2011 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 20 October 2011 to 8 January 2012), p. 66
- Piper, David, The English Face, 1992, p. 104
- Ribeiro, Aileen, The Gallery of Fashion, 2000, p. 12
- Ribeiro, Aileen; Blackman, Cally, A Portrait of Fashion: Six Centuries of Dress at the National Portrait Gallery, 2015, p. 17
- Saumarez Smith, Charles, The National Portrait Gallery: An Illustrated Guide, 2000, p. 68
- Saumarez Smith, Charles, The National Portrait Gallery, 1997, p. 69
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 488
- Simon, Jacob, The Art of the Picture Frame: Artists, Patrons and the Framing of Portraits in Britain, 1997 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 8 November 1996 - 9 February 1997), p. 120
- Tremain, Rose (essay), BP Portrait Award 2010, 2010 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 24 June to 19 September 2010), p. 7
- Various contributors, National Portrait Gallery: A Portrait of Britain, 2014, p. 89
Linked displays and exhibitionsback to top
Events of 1666back to top
Current affairsThe Great Fire of London starts in a baker's shop in Pudding Lane, destroying two-thirds of the city. Charles II and James, Duke of York personally direct and manually assist with the fire-fighting effort. Thousands are left homeless, though few people die.
Art and scienceMathematical scientist, Isaac Newton, formulates a series of groundbreaking theories concerning light, colour, calculus, and, after supposedly watching an apple fall from a tree, the universal law of gravitation.
Nicholas Lanier, Master of the King's Music dies and Frenchman Louis Grabu is appointed the post.
InternationalThe Four Days' Battle. Dutch navy led by Admiral Michiel de Ruyter attacks the English fleet under George Monck, Duke of Albemarle, now Joint- Commander-in-Chief with Prince Rupert. Outcome of the battle is indecisive, though England loses twice as many men and ships, severely damaging the fleet.
See this portrait
On display in Room 07 at the National Portrait Gallery