© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir William Petty
by Isaac Fuller Click on the links below to find out more
oil on canvas, circa 1651
49 in. x 39 1/2 in. (1245 mm x 1003 mm)
- Isaac Fuller (1606-1672), Painter. Artist associated with 12 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
Petty is here shown holding a skull with a copy of Adriaan den Spiegel's De Humani Corporis Fabrica (On the Fabric of the Human Body) of 1627, which is open at Plate 3. Pepys wrote in his diary on 27 January 1664, 'Up and to the office; and at noon to the Coffee-house, where I sat with...Sir Wm. Petty, who in discourse is methinks one of the most rational men that ever I heard speak with a tongue, having all his notions the most distinct and clear'.
- Ollard, Richard, Character Sketches: Samuel Pepys and His Circle, 2000, p. 51
- Ollard, Richard, Pepys and his Contemporaries, 2015, p. 77
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 490
Charles II, crowned King of Scotland, daringly invades England. His defeat at the Battle of Worcester by Oliver Cromwell permanently ends further military action against Parliament. Charles's escape from Worcester becomes legendary, as a fugitive, he seeks refuge for six weeks before finally fleeing to Normandy.
Art and science
Social philosopher, Thomas Hobbes, publishes his major work, Leviathan
. Recognised as a cornerstone of western political philosophy, Hobbes's implication that the new political authority should be accepted, angering many exiled royalists.
Headed by Chief Justice, Oliver St. John, a delegation is sent by the Rump Parliament to The Hague to negotiate a union between England and the Dutch Republic. The mission fails, principally over refusal by the Dutch to expel the exiled Stuart royal family from the country.