© National Portrait Gallery, London
Philip II, King of Spain
after Jacopo da Trezzo Click on the links below to find out more
gilt electrotype of medal, 19th century, based on a work of circa 1555
2 5/8 in. (67 mm) diameter
Given by Sir George Scharf, 1877
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 491
- Williamson, David, Kings and Queens, 2010, p. 97
- Williamson, David, The National Portrait Gallery: History of the Kings and Queens of England, 1998, p. 98
Beginning of Queen Mary I's persecution of Protestants. Bishops Nicholas Ridley and Hugh Latimer are denounced as heretics and burned at the stake in Oxford.Queen Mary suffers a false pregnancy, her husband Philip of Spain leaves England.
Art and science
Richard Eden publishes The Decades of the Newe Worlde or West India
, the first account in English of European exploration in the Americas. The book urges England to establish an empire in union with Spain.
The Peace of Augsburg between the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and the members of the German Protestant Schmalkaldic League. The treaty gives Lutheranism official status within the empire through a policy of cuius regio, eius religio
(whose the region, his the religion).The Holy Roman Emperor Charles V resigns the government of the Netherlands, Naples, and Milan to his son Philip of Spain, husband of Queen Mary I.