© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Unknown artist Click on the links below to find out more
oil on canvas, after 1695
23 in. x 21 in. (584 mm x 533 mm) oval
Bequeathed by William Barclay Squire, 1927
Derived from the drawing of Purcell attributed to Closterman (NPG 4994) this rather romanticised portrait of the composer may date from the eighteenth century.
Princess Anne, daughter of James II by Anne Hyde, and now heir apparent to the English throne, returns to court having retired two years previously over William III's dismissal of John Churchill and his wife, Sarah, Anne's closest companion.
Art and science
William Congreve's comical farce, Love for Love
, exemplifying the height of Restoration comedy, reopens Lincoln's Inn Theatre with a new actors' company led by actor Thomas Betterton. Its witty, sparking dialogue made it hugely popular with audiences.
William III and Maximilian II Emanuel of Bavaria, commanding the army of the grand alliance, recapture Namur in the Spanish Netherlands from the French. Despite a period of victories, the Netherlands and England begin to struggle financially under the economic strain of the ongoing Nine Years' War.