© National Portrait Gallery, London
after Edward Bower Click on the links below to find out more
3 3/4 in. x 3 in. (95 mm x 76 mm)
- John Pym (1584-1643), Politician and one of the 'Five Members' whose arrest by Charles I sparked the Civil War. Sitter associated with 16 portraits.
- Edward Bower (active 1629-died 1667), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 24 portraits.
Statesman, John Pym, plays a leading part in bringing charges of treason against the king's chief councillor, Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Strafford whose subsequent execution is widely celebrated. The Grand Remonstrance, a long, comprehensive indictment of the king's government since his accession, is narrowly passed by Parliament.
Art and science
Following the death of Sir Anthony van Dyck, William Dobson is appointed Principal Painter to the king. Poet and polemicist, John Milton, publishes the first of several anti-prelatical tracts, attacking the episcopal form of church governance and in particular, the arguments of royalist Joseph Hall, Bishop of Norwich.
The Irish Catholic gentry, fearing invasion from the increasingly pro-Puritan English Long Parliament and the Scottish Covenants, launch an unsuccessful coup d'etat
in order to seize concessions for Catholics; the ensuing Irish Rebellion, which precipitated civil war in the three kingdoms, is led by Irish rebel, Sir Phelim O'Neill.