© National Portrait Gallery, London
Charles Lennox, 4th Duke of Richmond and Lennox
attributed to Simon Jacques Rochard Click on the links below to find out more
watercolour and bodycolour on ivory, circa 1815
3 in. x 2 1/2 in. (76 mm x 64 mm) oval
John and James Leigh Hunt are released from prison after a two year sentence for slandering the Prince of Wales in their outspoken, radical periodical the Examiner
.Corn Laws are introduced to protect against the collapse in prices which would inevitably follow peace with France, prompting riots in London.
Art and science
Humphry Davy invents the miners' safety lamp though its reception is clouded by William Clanny and George Stephenson who present rival models in the same year. British Institution arranges first in innovative series of Old Master exhibitionsprovoking virulent attack on its patrons for neglecting contemporary art.
Napoleon returns to France from exile in Elba and resumes power until his abdication on 22 June; a period known as the 'Hundred Days'. Battle of Waterloo concludes the Anglo-French struggle that had lasted more than a century. Peace of Vienna establishes Britain's global political, economic and imperial dominance which lasts for the next hundred years.