© National Portrait Gallery, London
Frederick Sleigh Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts
by John Singer Sargent Click on the links below to find out more
oil on canvas, 1906
64 1/2 in. x 41 3/8 in. (1638 mm x 1050 mm)
Bequeathed by the sitter's daughter, Ada Edwina Stewart Roberts, 3rd Countess Roberts, 1955
- John Singer Sargent (1856-1925), Portrait and landscape painter and muralist. Artist associated with 72 portraits, Sitter in 5 portraits.
- NPG D39783: Frederick Sleigh Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts (source portrait)
The Liberals, led by Henry Campbell-Bannerman under a promise of reform, win a landslide victory in the general election. Electors vote to end two decades dominated by Conservative rule, with disaffection mounting over the conflict in South Africa and party division over education and tariff reform. The LRC continue to grow as a political force, winning 29 seats and changing their name later this year to the Labour Party.
Art and science
Ralph Vaughan Williams edits The English Hymnal
, a collection of the best in English-language hymns. Published by the Church of England, it became one of the most popular and influential hymn books in the world.Antoni Gaudí completes his rebuilding of the Casa Batllo in Barcelona. Known locally as the 'casa dels ossos', or 'House of Bones', the building is striking for its use of curved stonework, oval windows and intricate tracery.
San Francisco is devastated by an earthquake, measuring 7.8 on the Richter scale, leading to the greatest loss of life from a natural disaster in Californian history. The impact itself and resulting fire lead to the death of over 3,000 people, and over half of the city's 400,000 population were left homeless. Although still a major city, the earthquake directs trade, industry and population south to Los Angeles.