© National Portrait Gallery, London
Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery
by Sir Francis Carruthers Gould ('F.C.G.') Click on the links below to find out more
pen and ink, after 1896
7 7/8 in. x 6 1/2 in. (201 mm x 167 mm) uneven
Queen Victorian surpasses her grandfather King George III as the longest-reigning monarch in Britain. The first speeding conviction is given to Walter Arnold of Kent, for exceeding the limit of 2 mph. William Morris, the author, designer and prominent socialist, dies at Kelmscott House in Hammersmith, aged 62.
Art and science
Dan Leno, creator of the Pantomine Dame, is signed to Drury Lane theatre company, where he stays for sixteen years, playing some of the best known Pantomine characters. Henry Ford builds his first gasoline-powered car. Running on four bicycle wheels it was dubbed the 'Quadricycle'; its success contributed to the founding of the Ford Motor Company in 1903.
The first modern Olympic Games are held in Athens, organised by the International Olympic Committee, formed in Paris in 1894. Events included athletics, cycling, weightlifting and wrestling, with around fourteen nations competing. Rhodes resigns as Cape Colony Prime Minister after refusing to repudiate Jameson for his part in the raid on the Transvaal.