© National Portrait Gallery, London
Prince Rupert, Count Palatine
studio of Sir Peter Lely Click on the links below to find out more
oil on canvas, circa 1670
41 1/2 in. x 31 1/2 in. (1054 mm x 800 mm)
- Prince Rupert, Count Palatine (1619-1682), Soldier and patron of science; son of Frederick V, Elector Palatine and King of Bohemia and Elizabeth of Bohemia. Sitter associated with 45 portraits, Artist associated with 1 portrait.
- Sir Peter Lely (1618-1680), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 841 portraits, Sitter in 19 portraits.
- Ollard, Richard, Character Sketches: Samuel Pepys and His Circle, 2000, p. 33
- Ollard, Richard, Pepys and his Contemporaries, 2015, p. 51
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 538
Charles II mistress, Barbara Villiers, is created Duchess of Cleveland and granted Nonsuch Palace including its sizeable grounds. Actress and royal mistress, Nell Gwyn, gives birth to Charles II's son, Charles, who would later become, Duke of St. Albans.
Art and science
Tragicomedy, The Forc'd Marriage
, by Aphra Behn, staged by the Duke's Company, starts Behn's career as a professional writer. The writer may have been a royalist spy towards the end of the interregnum. Poet laureate, John Dryden, is made historiographer royal, a post he would hold for nearly 20 years.
Terms of a secret treaty between Charles II and Louis XIV are brought by Henrietta, Duchess of Orleans during a visit to Dover; upon England supplying the majority of military power for a war against Holland and Charles's official conversion to Catholicism, France would assist financially.