© National Portrait Gallery, London
replica by Henry Perronet Briggs Click on the links below to find out more
oil on canvas, 1840, based on a work of 1833
50 1/4 in. x 40 1/4 in. (1276 mm x 1022 mm)
Given by Henry Thurstan Holland, 1st Viscount Knutsford, 1907
- Sydney Smith (1771-1845), Wit and Canon of St Paul's. Sitter in 9 portraits.
Commissioned by Smith's old friend Hudson Gurney, the antiquary; a version of Brigg's portrait of 1833.
Shaftesbury's Factory Act is passed regulating women's hours and providing for the education of children working in the textile industry. Bank Act is passed, making Bank of England notes Britain's legal tender.
Art and science
Charles Lamb publishes Last Essays of Elia
after the enormous success of his earlier Essays. A comic allegorization of his humdrum clerical job they become one of the period's literary sensations.Charles Dickens begins his series Sketches by Boz
in the Monthly Magazine
Abolition of slavery in the British Empire; 780,000 slaves are freed, £20 million is allocated as compensation for slave owners and a six year apprenticeship system for freed slaves is established.