© National Portrait Gallery, London
reduced copy by W. Warman, after Thomas Sully Click on the links below to find out more
8 1/8 in. x 6 1/4 in. (206 mm x 159 mm)
Given by Ernest E. Leggatt, 1920
- Queen Victoria (1819-1901), Reigned 1837-1901. Sitter associated with 526 portraits, Artist associated with 5 portraits.
- Thomas Sully (1783-1872), American painter. Artist associated with 6 portraits.
- W. Warman (active 1830s). Artist associated with 1 portrait.
The eighteen-year-old Princess Victoria was woken early in the morning on 20 June 1837 to hear the news that she was now queen. Artists revelled in the novelty of representing a young female sovereign. This work is a copied detail of a larger portrait, painted in 1837-8 by the American artist, Thomas Sully, of Victoria dressed in her parliament robe and posed by her throne. Such early depictions continued to communicate a romantic image of her as an ideal young woman, partly because it provided a sharp contrast to the declining, masculine monarchy that went before.
The Anti-Corn Law league is established in Manchester, led by Richard Cobden and John Bright, aiming to create a fully free-trade economy. The People's Charter is published, demanding many constitutional amendments that would become central to future democratic reform, including universal male suffrage and secret ballots. Despite having one million signatures (and 5 million by 1848), the petition was rejected.Slavery is completely abolished.
Art and science
Turner's The Fighting Temeraire
is exhibited at the Royal Academy. The Temeraire, which had broken the line at the Battle of Trafalgar, was a reflection on the rapid changes of the industrial age. This was demonstrated this year when Isambard Brunel's Great Western crosses the Atlantic, in just fifteen days - a ship under sail could take a month. The London-Birmingham railway is also completed, the line engineered by Robert Stephenson.
The first stage in the formation of independent Boer republics in South Africa, as the Republic of Natal is formed in South Africa, following the Boers defeat of the Matabele of Mzilikasi. This comes two years after the Dutch-speaking inhabitants of the British-ruled colony of South Africa set out on the Great Trek, in search of their own independent state.The Central American Federation, an experimental republic formed of several Latin states splits.