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Victoria, Empress of Germany and Queen of Prussia

6 of 123 portraits of Victoria, Empress of Germany and Queen of Prussia

Victoria, Empress of Germany and Queen of Prussia, by Joseph Mordecai, after  Unknown photographer, (circa 1900) - NPG 4430 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Victoria, Empress of Germany and Queen of Prussia

by Joseph Mordecai, after Unknown photographer
oil on canvas, (circa 1900)
14 in. x 12 in. (356 mm x 305 mm)
Given by wish of the artist's widow, Mrs C.A. Mordecai, 1965
Primary Collection
NPG 4430


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Rough deal frames became popular in the 1880s…

Sitterback to top

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This portraitback to top

This portrait of the Empress of Germany, eldest child of Queen Victoria, seems to have been painted from a photograph in about 1900 or perhaps posthumously a few years later. The frame, a cheap commercial product, is made of roughly cut timber (known as 'Rough Deals') which is finished in imitation gold leaf for decorative effect.

Linked publicationsback to top

  • Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 635
  • Simon, Jacob, The Art of the Picture Frame: Artists, Patrons and the Framing of Portraits in Britain, 1997 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 8 November 1996 - 9 February 1997), p. 46

Events of 1900back to top

Current affairs

The Conservatives return to power, after the Prime Minister Lord Salisbury calls a general election, known as the 'Khaki election', on the back of huge jingoistic support for the Boer War. The Labour Representation Committee (LRC) is founded from a coalition of socialist groups; they win two seats in the 1900 election and Ramsay Macdonald is appointed secretary. The Labour politician Keir Hardie is also returned to Parliament for Merthyr Tydfilin Wales.

Art and science

German physicist Max Planck proposes the concept of the quantum theory. Sigmund Freud's The Interpretation of Dreams is published. In the text, Freud outlines his theory of dream analysis, crucial to the study of the unconscious, and introduces key concepts in psychoanalysis, such as the Ego. The Paris International Exhibition, attended by more than 50 million people and including over 76,000 exhibitors, marks the heyday of Art Nouveau.

International

In China the Boxer rebellion takes place. The Boxers were anti-imperialist and against foreign influence in trade, religion, politics and technology in the final years of the Manchu rule. The Boxers invade Beijing, killing 230 foreigners and Chinese Christians. The rebellion is suppressed by a multinational coalition of 20,000 troops, with China being forced to pay large war reparations, contributing to growing nationalist resentment against the Qing dynasty.

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