© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Carl Fredrik von Breda Click on the links below to find out more
oil on canvas, 1792
49 1/2 in. x 39 1/2 in. (1257 mm x 1003 mm)
Given by M.P. Watt Boulton, 1865
- James Watt (1736-1819), Engineer. Sitter in 17 portraits.
He is seen in this portrait with the plans for his condenser.
- Audio Guide
- Gibson, Robin, Treasures from the National Portrait Gallery, 1996, p. 75
- Hackmann, W.D., Apples and Atoms: Portraits of Scientists from Newton to Rutherford, 1986, p. 33
- Ingamells, John, National Portrait Gallery: Mid-Georgian Portraits 1760-1790, 2004, p. 476
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 645
The famous seven year trial of Warren Hastings, Governor-General of Bengal, on charges of embezzlement and murder, ends with his acquittal. Pro-Revolutionary philosopher Joseph Priestley's house is destroyed by a mob on the anniversary of the fall of the Bastille. Their actions are later seen as a key moment in the defeat of Enlightenment ideals in England.
Art and science
Mary Wollstonecraft publishes A Vindication of the Rights of Women
; a radical work which called on women to be allies to one another; fearless in their support and free in their criticism.Sir Joshua Reynolds dies and is succeeded by Benjamin West as President of the Royal Academy.
The mob invades the Tuileries and the French Royal Family is imprisoned marking the end of France's experiment with constitutional monarchy and the declaration of the first French Republic.The Revolutionary Commune is established in Paris.France declares war on Austria and then Prussia.