© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Sydney Prior Hall Click on the links below to find out more
6 3/4 in. x 8 in. (172 mm x 204 mm)
Given by the artist's son, Harry Reginald Holland Hall, 1928
- Oscar Wilde (1854-1900), Wit and dramatist. Sitter associated with 15 portraits.
- Sydney Prior Hall (1842-1922), Portrait painter and illustrator. Artist associated with 152 portraits, Sitter in 2 portraits.
The Commission attracted a number of celebrity spectators. This portrait of Oscar Wilde watching the proceedings was published in a column of The Graphic describing the testimony of the government spy, Thomas Miller Beach ('Major le Caron').
- Callow, Simon, Oscar Wilde and his Circle, 2013, p. 15
- Callow, Simon, Character Sketches: Oscar Wilde and His Circle, 2000, p. 15
- Cullen, Fintan, The Irish Face: Redefining the Irish Portrait, 2004, p. 193
- Cullen, Fintan; Foster, Roy, 'Conquering England': Ireland in Victorian England, 2005 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 9 March - 19 June 2005), p. 45
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 661
Charles Ritchie, President of the Local Government Board, is responsible for the Local Government Act, a landmark piece of reform that establishes 62 elected county councils and over sixty county boroughs, with responsibility for roads, bridges, drains and general county business. Five prostitutes are murdered, and their bodies mutilated, in Whitechapel, East London, by an unidentified killer who became known as 'Jack the Ripper'. The murderer was never discovered.
Art and science
Heinrich Hertz performs experiments validating James Clark Maxwell's model of electromagnetic radiation, a form of wireless energy transfer. His apparatus for generating electromagnetic waves is recognised as the first radio transmitter.The term 'arts and crafts' is coined by the bookbinder T J Cobden-Sanderson with the establishment of the Arts and Crafts Exhibition Society.
Accession of Kaiser Wilhelm II to the German throne. Wilhelm, the son of Kaiser Frederick III and Victoria, daughter of Queen Victoria, was the last Kaiser of Germany. George Eastman invents the Kodak box camera, the first commercially successful box camera for roll film, with the slogan 'you press the button - we do the rest'.