© National Portrait Gallery, London
King William III
by Jan de Baen Click on the links below to find out more
oil on canvas, circa 1668
32 1/2 in. x 26 1/4 in. (826 mm x 667 mm)
Transferred from National Gallery, 1994
- King William III (1650-1702), Reigned 1689-1702. Sitter associated with 140 portraits.
- Jan de Baen (1633-1702). Artist associated with 2 portraits.
An illicit affair between George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham and beauty, Anna Maria, Countess of Shrewsbury, leads to a notorious duel during which Villiers mortally wounds Shrewsbury's husband, Francis Talbot. William Penn, Quaker and founder of Pennsylvania, is imprisoned after producing pamphlets advocating Quakerism.
Art and science
Writer, Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle republishes her science fiction work, The Description of a New World, called the Blazing-World
, as a separate edition, originally published as an appendix to her Observations upon Experimental Philosophy
, (1666). Poet John Dryden is appointed poet laureate.
Diplomat and writer, Sir William Temple, negotiates the Triple Alliance between England, Holland and Sweden to protect the Spanish Netherlands from French expansion during the War of Devolution. The union ultimately forces Louis XIV to sign the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle and retreat from the Habsburg-controlled Netherlands.