© National Portrait Gallery, London
King William III
by Charles Boit Click on the links below to find out more
enamel on copper, circa 1696-1699
1 3/8 in. x 1 in. (35 mm x 25 mm) oval
- King William III (1650-1702), Reigned 1689-1702. Sitter associated with 140 portraits.
- Charles Boit (1662-1727). Artist associated with 9 portraits.
- Ingamells, John, Later Stuart Portraits 1685-1714, 2009, p. 329
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 663
- Walker, Richard, Miniatures: 300 Years of the English Miniature, 1998, p. 44
Current affairsHMS Sovereign of the Seas
is accidentally destroyed by fire at Chatham.Window Duty, based upon the number of windows in a house, is levied by Parliament to support William III's war with France.The Great Recoinage attempts to replace coins in circulation made up of hammered silver.
Art and science
Recently ordained, Jonathan Swift writes his first book, A Tale of a Tub
, which includes an allegory of three brothers representing the principal divisions of Western Christianity. Architect and playwright, John Vanbrugh's hugely successful comedy, The Relapse
, is staged at the Drury Lane Theatre.
After several years of secret negotiations forged by William III with Louis XIV, king of France, to end the Nine Years' War, envoys from both sides unofficially begin serious talks. Economic depression in Holland leads to riots in Amsterdam.