by Peter Cross
watercolour on vellum, circa 1675
2 1/2 in. x 2 in. (64 mm x 51 mm) oval
Transferred from National Gallery, 1994
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Events of 1675back to top
Current affairsJames Scott, Duke of Monmouth oversees the suppression of the London weavers' riots which break out in the East End against the introduction of mechanised silk looms.
The great fire of Northampton quickly destroys the city. Charles II donates timber for its reconstruction.
Art and scienceCharles II founds the Royal Observatory in Greenwich and appoints John Flamsteed the first Astronomer Royal.
Royal approval is given to the 'Warrant' design, Sir Christopher Wren's design for the rebuilding of St. Paul's Cathedral devastated by the Great Fire (1666).