© National Portrait Gallery, London
Prince Charles Edward Stuart
by Louis Gabriel Blanchet Click on the links below to find out more
oil on canvas, 1738
75 in. x 55 1/2 in. (1905 mm x 1410 mm)
Portraiture played an important part in promoting the Jacobite cause while the exiled Stuarts moved between the Catholic courts of Europe. Dashing foreign paintings presented the
Jacobites posed confidently in armour and royal regalia to project their dynastic ambitions and rally support. Painted in Rome for the Prince's father as a gift to his great-aunt, the Duchess of Parma, together with a portrait of his brother, Prince Henry.
- NPG 5518: Henry Benedict Maria Clement Stuart, Cardinal York (companion portrait)
- Audio Guide
- Cooper, John, A Guide to the National Portrait Gallery, 2009, p. 29
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 118
- Various contributors, National Portrait Gallery: A Portrait of Britain, 2014, p. 102
- Place made: Italy (Rome, Italy)
Fetter Lane Society founded in London by the Moravians; a reformed group of Protestants led by exiled Saxon Count Nicolaus von Zinzendorf. He visits Britain to petition the king for protection for Moravian missionaries working in the British colonies. An act to this effect is finally passed in 1749. John Wesley is converted, essentially launching the Methodist movement.
Art and science
Artist Allan Ramsay returns to London from Rome and sets himself up as a portrait painter. Metallurgist William Champion patents a process to distil zinc from calamine using charcoal in a smelter.
Methodist preacher George Whitefield arrives in Savannah, Georgia to replace John Wesley; the first of seven visits across the Atlantic which make him one of the most widely recognised figures in the American colonies. Merchant sailor Robert Jenkins presents his pickled ear (cut off by Spanish coast-guards in Cuba in 1731) to Parliament stirring up war fever against Spain and leading to the War of Jenkins' Ear the following year.