© National Portrait Gallery, London
Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother
by Alison Watt Click on the links below to find out more
oil on canvas, 1989
40 in. x 36 in. (1016 mm x 914 mm)
Commissioned as part of the First Prize, John Player Portrait Award, 1987, 1989
- Alison Watt (1965-), Painter. Artist of 1 portrait, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 204
- Simon, Jacob, The Art of the Picture Frame: Artists, Patrons and the Framing of Portraits in Britain, 1997 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 8 November 1996 - 9 February 1997), p. 190
96 people are crushed to death at the Hillsborough football stadium in Sheffield. The accident took place when a swarm of Liverpool fans were all let into the stadium at once. Supporters and police had no idea that the incoming crowds were crushing people against a fence used to prevent pitch-invasions. Following the Taylor Report into the incident standing terraces and fences between fans and pitch were banned.
Art and science
Following the publication of Anglo-Indian writer Salman Rushdie's novel The Satanic Verses
in 1988, the leader of Iran, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, announces that the book is 'blasphemous against Islam' and places a fatwah (death sentence) on Rushdie, who is forced into hiding for several years.
The Berlin Wall is dismantled, reunifying East and West Germany and symbolising the end of the Cold War. Following a decision to allow East Berliners to cross the border with valid visas, crowds swarmed the border crossings. Guards soon gave up trying to stop them, and the physical dismantlement of the wall soon began.Approximately 2,000 Chinese demonstrators are massacred in Tiananmen Square while protesting against the government.