Photograph © National Portrait Gallery, London
by Marcel Gimond Click on the links below to find out more
bronze head, circa 1920
13 1/2 in. (343 mm) high
- Roger Fry (1866-1934), Critic and painter. Sitter in 18 portraits, Artist of 5 portraits.
Gimond was a pupil of the sculptor Maillol. Fry had written an article 'The Sculptures of Maillol' for the Burlington in April 1910, in which he presented Maillol as the leading figure in modern sculpture, and contrasted his preoccupation with form and monumentality with Rodin's obsession with feeling. Here Gimond follows his master in observing what Fry described as the 'architectural unity of the structure' obtained by a 'few synthetized planes'.
The Government of Ireland Act (Fourth Home Rule Bill) partitions Ireland into the Irish Free State with a devolved parliament in Dublin and Northern Ireland with a devolved parliament in Belfast.The Communist Party of Great Britain is founded in London, uniting a number of independent socialist and Marxist parties into a single, united party.
Art and science
Queen Alexandra unveils a monument to Edith Cavell in St Martin's Place opposite the National Portrait Gallery. The English nurse was executed in Germany for helping hundreds of allied soldiers to cross the border from occupied Belgium to the neutral Netherlands.George V officially opens the Imperial War Museum at the Crystal Palace.
The Kapp Putsch threatens the newly formed Weimar Republic. In defiance of the Treaty of Versailles, the leaders of the Marinebrigade Ehrhardt refused to disband and marched on Berlin, occupying it on the 13th March. With the general army refusing to defend the city, the government fled to Stuttgart. The rebellion, however, failed after the workers joined a general strike, disabling their plans.