attributed to Jean André Rouquet
enamel on copper, circa 1740-1745
1 3/4 in. x 1 1/2 in. (45 mm x 37 mm) oval
Click on the links below to find out more:
Sitterback to top
- William Hogarth (1697-1764), Painter and engraver. Sitter associated with 19 portraits, Artist associated with 126 portraits.
This portraitback to top
Hogarth's friend Jean André Rouquet based this enamel miniature portrait closely on the first stage of Hogarth's self-portrait, dated 1745, now in the Tate Gallery.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Parris, Matthew, Heroes and Villains: Scarfe at the National Portrait Gallery, 2003 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 30 September 2003 to 4 April 2004), p. 86
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 307
- Walker, Richard, Miniatures: 300 Years of the English Miniature, 1998, p. 59
Events of 1740back to top
Current affairsThe song Rule, Britannia! by Thomas Arne is performed for the first time at Cliveden, the country home of Frederick, Prince of Wales.A now discredited account by antiquarian William Stukely asserts that Stonehenge was built by druids.
Art and scienceSamuel Richardson publishes the first two volumes of Pamela, or Virtue Rewarded, the best-selling novel of the period.Artists Joshua Reynolds and Thomas Gainsborough both arrive in London. Reynolds is apprenticed to the leading portrait-painter Thomas Hudson, while Gainsborough begins his artistic training with the French engraver and illustrator Hubert-Francois Gravelot.
InternationalDeath of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI and the succession of his eldest daughter Maria Térèsa heralds the start of the War of the Austrian Succession. Britain, already fighting Spain (in the War of Jenkin's Ear), is drawn into the wider conflict as an ally of Austria until 1748.Frederick II becomes King of Prussia.Pope Benedict XIV succeeds Pope Clement XII as the 247th pope.
See this portrait
On display in Room 10 at the National Portrait Gallery