© National Portrait Gallery, London
Prince James Francis Edward Stuart
by Louis Gabriel Blanchet Click on the links below to find out more
oil on canvas, 1741
38 in. x 28 3/4 in. (965 mm x 730 mm)
From a set of four Stuart portraits painted in Rome for Captain William Hay, a close Jacobite supporter.
- Place made: Italy (Rome, Italy)
Motion of no confidence in Prime Minister Robert Walpole is followed by a general election. Walpole's majority is reduced to less than twenty and he suffers defeat in seven divisions. Opening of the Foundling Hospital, London, to aid homeless and abandoned children.
Art and science
Lancelot 'Capability' Brown is appointed head gardener at Stowe, where he works with the architect William Kent.Actor David Garrick makes his debut on the London stage in Richard III
.Henry Fielding publishes An Apology for the Life of Mrs. Shamela Andrews
satirising Samuel Richardson's best-selling novel Pamela, or Virtue Rewarded
War of the Austrian Succession: Admiral Edward Vernon leads an unsuccessful attack on Spanish stronghold of Cartagena. Frederick II's Prussian army defeats the Austrians at Mollwitz, securing his hold on most of Silesia. French and Bavarian forces enter Prague. Composer Johann Sebastian Bach publishes his set of Goldberg Variations
, supposedly written for performance by the young harpsichordist Johann Gottlieb Goldberg.