by William Hogarth
oil on canvas, 1740
50 in. x 40 1/4 in. (1270 mm x 1022 mm)
Purchased with help from the National Heritage Memorial Fund and the Art Fund, 1984
Click on the links below to find out more:
Artistback to top
- William Hogarth (1697-1764), Painter and engraver. Artist associated with 128 portraits, Sitter associated with 19 portraits.
This portraitback to top
The painting was probably commissioned by the 2nd Earl of Macclesfield, a patron of Jones with whom Jones and his family lived in Oxfordshire. The 2nd Earl was a Governor of the Foundling Hospital in London, as was the artist Hogarth, which may be how the portrait came to be commissioned.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Audio Guide
- Piper, David, The English Face, 1992, p. 137
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 343
- Simon, Jacob, The Art of the Picture Frame: Artists, Patrons and the Framing of Portraits in Britain, 1997 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 8 November 1996 - 9 February 1997), p. 61
Events of 1740back to top
Current affairsThe song Rule, Britannia! by Thomas Arne is performed for the first time at Cliveden, the country home of Frederick, Prince of Wales.A now discredited account by antiquarian William Stukely asserts that Stonehenge was built by druids.
Art and scienceSamuel Richardson publishes the first two volumes of Pamela, or Virtue Rewarded, the best-selling novel of the period.Artists Joshua Reynolds and Thomas Gainsborough both arrive in London. Reynolds is apprenticed to the leading portrait-painter Thomas Hudson, while Gainsborough begins his artistic training with the French engraver and illustrator Hubert-Francois Gravelot.
InternationalDeath of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI and the succession of his eldest daughter Maria Térèsa heralds the start of the War of the Austrian Succession. Britain, already fighting Spain (in the War of Jenkin's Ear), is drawn into the wider conflict as an ally of Austria until 1748.Frederick II becomes King of Prussia.Pope Benedict XIV succeeds Pope Clement XII as the 247th pope.
See this portrait
On display in Room 13 at the National Portrait Gallery