© National Portrait Gallery, London
by William Aikman Click on the links below to find out more
oil on canvas, circa 1723-1725
77 1/2 in. x 40 7/8 in. (1971 mm x 1039 mm)
- William Kent (1685?-1748), Architect, painter and landscape gardener. Sitter associated with 8 portraits, Artist associated with 4 portraits.
- William Aikman (1682-1731), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 28 portraits.
Aikman's portrait was painted for Lord Castlemaine for the overmantel in the Great Hall of Wanstead in Essex, his magnificent Palladian house which is long since demolished. The hall ceiling, representing the Times of Day, was decorated by Kent and he is shown holding his palette and brushes.
Exiled Jacobite leader Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke is pardoned and allowed to return to London from Paris. Workhouse Test Act under which poor relief claimants have to enter a workhouse. Black Act makes poaching a capital offence.
Art and science
Architect Christopher Wren dies. Artist Joshua Reynolds is born in Plympton, Devon.Portrait-painter Godfrey Kneller dies.Philosopher Bernard de Mandeville republishes his celebrated Fable of the Bees
with new essays on charity and the nature of society. They are vigorously combated and made the subject of prosecution in 1729.
Holy Roman Emperor, Charles VI, agrees that Hungary shall be ruled as a separate kingdom within his empire.Treaty of Charlottenburg signed between Britain and Prussia, which arranges for George I's grandson to marry a Prussian princess and Prince Frederick of Prussia to marry the Prince of Wales' daughter. It is never enacted.