Richard Neville

1 portrait on display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery

Richard Neville, by William Dobson, circa 1643 - NPG 5382 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Richard Neville

by William Dobson
oil on canvas, circa 1643
44 7/8 in. x 36 in. (1140 mm x 914 mm)
Purchased with help from the Art Fund and the Pilgrim Trust, 1981
Primary Collection
NPG 5382

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Sitterback to top

Artistback to top

  • William Dobson (1611-1646), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 54 portraits, Sitter in 9 portraits.

This portraitback to top

The carved relief behind Neville depicts Mercury (symbolising good counsel) and Mars (war). A Royalist cavalry charge is shown in the distance. The artist William Dobson, called 'the most excellent painter that England hath yet bred' by John Aubrey, is particularly known for his portraits of Royalist soldiers painted in Oxford during the Civil War.

Linked publicationsback to top

  • Rogers, Malcolm, William Dobson 1611-46: Royalists at War, 1983 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 21 October 1983 - 9 January 1984), p. 32
  • Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 456

Linked displays and exhibitionsback to top

Events of 1643back to top

Current affairs

Signing of the Solemn League and Covenant. The treaty forms an alliance between the English Parliament and Scottish Covenanters. Sir Henry Vane emerges as the leading spokesman of the English delegation. The Westminster Assembly, comprising of clergymen and politicians, is appointed by the Long Parliament to restructure the Anglican Church.

Art and science

The authorised version of Religio Medici (A Doctor's Religion), by Norwich physician Sir Thomas Browne, is published. A type of personal memoir, the work gained Browne a European reputation. Parliament issues a licensing order stipulating that all books are examined prior to publication, inciting John Milton to write Areopagitica, 1644.


Aged four, Louis XIV inherits the French throne. He would become the longest reigning monarch in European history. Charles I orders James Butler, Duke of Ormonde, to arrange a ceasefire with the Catholics Confederates in Ireland, allowing Ormonde's Irish troops to fight against the Parliamentarians in England.

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