© National Portrait Gallery, London
Henrietta Anne, Duchess of Orleans
by Sir Peter Lely Click on the links below to find out more
oil on canvas, feigned oval, circa 1662
30 in. x 25 in. (762 mm x 635 mm)
Given by Mrs N.D. Valpy, 1989
- Sir Peter Lely (1618-1680), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 840 portraits, Sitter in 19 portraits.
- Macleod, Catharine; Alexander, Julia Marciari, Painted Ladies: Women at the Court of Charles II, 2001 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 11 October 2001 to 6 January 2002), p. 78
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 470
Marriage of Catherine of Braganza to Charles II. A spectacular pageant on the Thames greets Catherine as she arrives at Whitehall Palace. Act of Uniformity, lays down requirements for the clergy to remain in the Church of England, forcing hundreds to be ejected from their livings.
Art and science
Physicist Robert Boyle publishes A Defence of the Doctrine, Touching the Spring and Weight of the Air
, which contains the first formulation of Boyle's Law, describing the relationship between pressure and volume of gases.
Upon restoration of the monarchy, pro-royalist and Catholic Irish landlords, notably James Butler, Duke of Ormonde, appeal to the king to restore their lands confiscated during the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland. However, political wrangling and insufficient land renders the subsequent Act of Settlement, passed by the Irish Parliament, unworkable.