© National Portrait Gallery, London
James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde
by Willem Wissing Click on the links below to find out more
oil on canvas, circa 1680-1685
49 3/4 in. x 40 1/4 in. (1264 mm x 1022 mm)
- Willem Wissing (1656-1687), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 146 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
- Art and architecture of Ireland: Vol. 2. Painting, 1600-1900, 2014, p. 14 number 13
- Cullen, Fintan, The Irish Face: Redefining the Irish Portrait, 2004, p. 149
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 471
William Howard, Viscount Stafford, is convicted of impeachment and beheaded on account of his alleged involvement in the Popish Plot. Whigs' sponsorship of a pope-burning procession, for the second consecutive year, supports their campaign to exclude James, Duke of York from the throne.
Art and science
Writer, John Bunyan, publishes, The Life and Death of Mr. Badman
. Novelistic in form and conceived as a dialogue between two gentlemen, the book was intended as a sequel to the first part of The Pilgrim's Progress
Revelations surface of a Catholic uprising in Ireland with French support. The government launches an inquiry, ultimately leading to the execution of Oliver Plunket, Archbishop of Armagh. Secretary of State, Robert Spencer, in adopting an anti-French foreign policy, forges a defensive Anglo-Spanish treaty while seeking an alliance with the Dutch.