© National Portrait Gallery, London
Maurice Ashley-Cooper; Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury
by John Closterman Click on the links below to find out more
oil on canvas, 1702
95 3/4 in. x 67 1/4 in. (2432 mm x 1708 mm)
Closterman designed two grand portraits with Shaftesbury that convey his patron's Neo-Platonist beliefs. This one, in an idealised landscape, shows Shaftesbury with his brother Maurice gesturing towards the light of knowledge. Behind them is a classical temple dedicated to Apollo, god of the liberal arts.
- Ingamells, John, Later Stuart Portraits 1685-1714, 2009, p. 249
- Saumarez Smith, Charles, The National Portrait Gallery: An Illustrated Guide, 2000, p. 78
- Saumarez Smith, Charles, The National Portrait Gallery, 1997, p. 78
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 557
William III dies and is succeeded by Anne, his sister-in-law, the second daughter of James II and Anne Hyde. Committed to the Church of England and swayed towards Tory values, the queen would enjoy considerable popularity. The general election sweeps the Tories to power in a landslide victory.
Art and science
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Admiral George Rooke overwhelmingly defeats a French squadron escorting a Spanish silver fleet from South America, at the naval Battle of Vigo Bay. In the War of the Spanish Succession, John Churchill, Captain-General of the Forces, forces the French to withdraw from the River Maas.