© National Portrait Gallery, London
Graham Vivian Sutherland
by Graham Vivian Sutherland Click on the links below to find out more
sketchbook, watercolour and pencil, 82 pages, circa 1945-1946
13 1/2 in. x 8 in. (344 mm x 203 mm)
Given by the artist's widow, Mrs Graham Sutherland, 1980
Despite Churchill's popularity during, and indeed after, the War, Clement Attlee wins a landslide Labour victory in the general election. Labour's success was due to its promise of a better society through the Welfare state, and was demonstrative of the public's desire for a new and better post-War society.
Art and science
Noel Coward's Brief Encounter
is released. The film, based on Coward's play, Still Life
, is about the love affair between two married people who meet at a railway station. Conscious of the risk of being caught the couple decide to break off their relationship to protect their marriages.George Orwell publishes his satirical novel Animal Farm
, as an allegorical critique of Soviet Totalitarianism.
A war on two fronts finally proves too much for Germany as allied forces push from the East and West. On the 30th April Hitler committed suicide and Germany soon surrendered to Soviet troops. Victory in Europe was announced on the 8th May. War in the Pacific continued until America dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, killing 214,000 people, and ending the war with Japan.