© National Portrait Gallery, London
Henry Francis Lyte
by Stephen Catterson Smith Click on the links below to find out more
chalk, circa 1835
8 1/4 in. x 8 1/8 in. (208 mm x 207 mm)
Lord Melbourne, Whig, becomes Prime Minister following Peel's resignation. Melbourne's government took steps to suppress trade union activity, introducing legislation against 'illegal oaths', contributing to the failure of Robert Owen's Grand National Consolidated Trades' Union.
Art and science
Felix Dujardin, the French biologist, reveals protoplasm. Work on the enlargement and remodelling of Buckingham House to designs by the architect John Nash is completed, creating Buckingham Palace.
Juan Manuel de Rosas becomes dictator of Argentina, invoking a seventeen year rule dominated by terror. A powerful cattle rancher, he represents the rise of the estancieros
, the new landed oligarchy based on commercial ranching.