© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Peter Saunders Click on the links below to find out more
11 3/8 in. x 8 1/4 in. (290 mm x 209 mm)
- Frank Auerbach (1931-), Painter. Sitter in 25 portraits, Artist of 5 portraits.
Auerbach posed for the artist in the Coach and Horses public house in Soho and the drawing relates to a painting commissioned by London Underground.
The Conservative Party is attacked in the media for 'sleaze'. Two MP's resign over sex scandals, two over the 'cash-for-questions affair', and one dies in bizarre and embarrassing circumstances. Journalist Max Clifford was responsible for exposing many of the scandals.Black teenager Stephen Lawrence is murdered in a racist attack by a gang of white youths.
Art and science
Rachel Whiteread wins the Turner Prize for her sculpture House
; a concrete cast of the inside of a Victorian terraced house in East London. Controversy was caused by the work itself, by it winning the Turner Prize, and by the decision of Tower Hamlets council to demolish the sculpture.British inventor James Dyson revolutionises the vacuum cleaner with his eponymous design.
Czechoslovakia is divided into two countries: the Slovak Republic (Slovakia) and the Czech Republic. The division was peaceful and democratic and so became known as the 'Velvet Divorce', recalling the 'Velvet Revolution' of 1989 by which Communism in Czechoslovakia was overthrown through peaceful mass demonstrations.