© National Portrait Gallery, London
Probably Mary, Princess of Orange
studio of Gerrit van Honthorst Click on the links below to find out more
oil on canvas, 1650s
41 3/4 in. x 34 3/4 in. (1060 mm x 883 mm)
- Mary, Princess of Orange (1631-1660), Daughter of Charles I; wife of William II of Orange-Nassau. Sitter associated with 49 portraits.
- Gerrit van Honthorst (1590-1656), Artist. Artist associated with 51 portraits, Sitter in 5 portraits.
Exiled Charles, Prince of Wales, holds negotiations in the Netherlands, with the Scottish Parliament to secure an alliance. Despite misgivings on both sides, and pressure from the Scots for Charles to sign the covenants, the treaty of Breda is agreed. Oliver Cromwell defeats the Scots at the Battle of Dunbar.
Art and science
Poet and politician, Andrew Marvell, composes his greatest political poem, Horatian Ode
upon Cromwell's Return from Ireland. Marvell become Oliver Cromwell's unofficial poet laureate during the Protectorate.
William, The Prince of Orange, grandson of Charles I, is born assuming the title from the moment of birth. Forty years later, he would become William III of England. General-at-Sea, Robert Blake is dispatched to Portugal to prevent attacks on Commonwealth merchant shipping from royalist, Prince Rupert, based in Lisbon.